Chili pepper is an extremely popular seasoning used in dishes around the world.
For pepper farmers, it is important to ensure that they harvest fresh, high-quality peppers.
This article will detail how to harvest chillies,
Including harvesting timing and common harvesting methods,
and the use of some modern chilli harvesting machinery.
I hope this article will be helpful to both pepper producers and consumers.
how to harvest chillies
There are many ways to harvest chillies, and the method you choose depends on the type of pepper and growing conditions.
Here are a few common harvesting methods:
Hand Pick Harvest: For the small pepper garden or home grower,
Hand picking is the most common harvesting method.
When the pepper fruit turns the desired color (usually red, yellow or orange),
Use scissors or your fingers to gently pick the fruit.
Harvest by cutting: For large-scale pepper gardens,
Tools such as a pepper harvester or a brush cutter can be used to cut pepper plants,
And collect the fruits and branches and leaves together.
Shake-off Harvest: Certain pepper varieties (such as dried peppers),
It may be necessary to shake the plant to dislodge the fruit before collecting them.
The difference between manual and mechanical harvesting
When harvesting manually, you need to choose a sunny day and do it when the peppers are mature.
When harvesting, pick the peppers from the plant by hand, taking care not to damage the peppers.
The advantage of artificial harvesting is that you can choose according to the variety and maturity of peppers.
And it can avoid pepper damage.
The disadvantages are high manual labor intensity and low harvest efficiency.
Harvester equipment is an emerging method of harvest chillies.
For mechanical harvesting, a pepper harvester is required.
A pepper harvester is a crop harvesting machine specifically designed to harvest peppers.
It can automatically pick peppers from the plants, sort and package them.
The advantages of mechanical harvesting are high harvesting efficiency and low labor intensity.
The disadvantage is that the maturity of mechanically harvested peppers is difficult to control and the peppers are easily damaged.
Time to harvest peppers
Time to harvest chillies depends on variety and growing conditions.
Generally speaking, harvesting begins when the pepper fruits reach the desired color and become plump.
Different varieties of peppers may have different harvest times,
Some common harvest time references are as follows:
Early-maturing varieties of peppers: usually ready for harvest within 60-80 days after sowing.
Medium-ripening pepper varieties: usually ready for harvest within 80-100 days after sowing.
Late-maturing pepper varieties: usually ready for harvest 100-120 days after sowing.
Please note that the above times are for reference only.
Exact times may vary depending on geographic location, climatic conditions and breed characteristics.
Regularly observing the ripeness of pepper fruits is an important step in ensuring accurate harvest time.
How farmers harvest peppers
The main harvesting methods used by farmers depend on their growing conditions and scale.
In small-scale cultivation, most farmers tend to harvest by hand,
Because this ensures the quality of the fruit.
Using sharp scissors or gloves, they pick the ripe chili pepper fruits.
For large-scale planting, farmers often resort to large pepper harvesters for harvesting.
This mechanical device can automatically identify ripe pepper fruits,
The fruit is cut off by the swinging blade and then collected through the conveyor belt.
Farmers use various methods to increase the yield and quality of their harvest chillies.
Here are some common farmers’ tips for harvesting peppers:
Technical training: Farmers can participate in agricultural technology training,
Learn best practices for growing and harvesting peppers.
These trainings are usually organized by agricultural experts or local governments and provide knowledge and skills support.
Regular Inspections: Farmers need to regularly check the health of their pepper plants and fruit ripeness.
Timely detection and treatment of pests and diseases can help maintain the yield and quality of peppers.
Proper fertilization: Farmers need to apply fertilizer appropriately according to the soil conditions and growth stage of chillies.
Growth period: During the growth period of pepper,
Appropriate application of fertilizers containing nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium can help promote plant growth and fruit development.
Fruiting period: When peppers begin to bear fruit, increase the supply of phosphorus, potassium and other elements.
Helps improve fruit quality and yield.
Pre-harvest period: Reduce or stop fertilizing before the harvest period.
This will cause the plant to gradually stop growing and the fruit color to change more vividly.
Harvest chillies uses
Chili harvesters are mechanical equipment specifically designed to harvest chili peppers quickly and efficiently.
It can greatly improve the harvesting efficiency of peppers and reduce labor costs.
Especially suitable for large-area pepper gardens.
In addition, pepper harvesters can reduce damage and waste caused by manual harvesting,
Ensure the quality and yield of peppers.
It can accomplish the following tasks:
Cutting off plants: The harvest chillies machine can quickly cut off pepper plants through rotating blades or cutting devices.
Separate fruits from branches and leaves.
Collecting fruits: The harvester is equipped with a collection bag or conveyor,
Adjustment function: Some modern pepper harvesters have adjustment functions,
It can be adjusted according to the height and density of pepper plants to adapt to different planting environments.
For example, this pepper harvester provided by ANON,
Equipped with a hydrostatic continuously variable transmission axle, replacing the traditional continuously variable transmission wheel and clutch.
It speeds up the work and improves the work efficiency.
At the same time, it has strong adaptability, high picking rate and low breakage rate.
The above content summarizes how to harvest peppers and introduces the uses of pepper harvesters.
I hope it will be of certain reference value to the majority of pepper producers and consumers.
The cultivation and harvesting of peppers requires appropriate technology to obtain maximum economic and taste benefits.
Farmers can choose the method that suits them based on their planting scale and needs.
The uses of pepper harvesters include harvesting, cleaning and grading, which can improve work efficiency and ensure product quality.
If you have the need to harvest peppers, you can come to the platform to consider purchasing a suitable pepper harvester.
I believe we will provide you with a satisfactory solution.